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3. Goods Transshipment in Ports
• The large European seaports such as Rotterdam, Antwerp, Hamburg and Constanța are also important places for inland waterway traffic to and from the hinterland. Hinterland traffic has different structures in these ports.
• The port of Rotterdam has the highest share of outgoing traffic, with 71% of all inland waterway traffic being directed to the hinterland, and 29% being directed to the seaport.
• In the port of Antwerp, inland waterway traffic in the hinterland recorded a strong increase in 2017.
In Rotterdam, the largest European seaport, 105,000 inland vessels were loaded or unloaded in 2017. The volume of loaded cargo was 112.4 mio. tonnes, directed to the hinterland. The amount of incoming traffic amounted to 45.7 mio. tonnes. Inland waterway transport has very high shares in the hinterland traffic: 86 % for dry cargo, 40 % for liquid cargo and 36 % for containers. The port has the objective to increase this last share above the 40 % level.
Source: Port of Rotterdam
In Antwerp, 59,268 inland vessels frequented the port in 2017, and the goods traffic with these vessels (102.3 mio. tonnes) passed the threshold of 100 mio. This meant an increase of 5%. There were very strong increases for iron ores, metals, sands, stones and building materials, and chemicals. The petroleum products were somewhat stagnant. Nevertheless, petroleum products with 30 mio. tonnes and chemicals with 26 mio. tonnes were by far the most important goods segments in Antwerp IWW traffic.
Source: Port of Antwerp
In 2017, 19 315 inland vessels were counted in the port of Hamburg, compared to 20,382 in 2016. The mass cargo segment has a high share of 87% in the river traffic. In particular, around 30% of total river traffic is made up of mineral oil products and coal. Container traffic’s share increased from 10% in 2016 to 11% in 2017 (1.1 mio. t). In terms of TEU, the container traffic increased from 119,044 TEU to 121,051.
Incoming river traffic has a share of 46% in Hamburg, and 54% is outgoing traffic. The main regions of origin and destination between Hamburg and the hinterland are Lower Saxony (42%), Schleswig-Holstein (27%), Saxony-Anhalt (21%) and Berlin (7%). As regards Berlin, the volumes increased by 15% in 2017 compared to 2016, to a level of 0.74 million tonnes.
Source: Statistical Office of Hamburg
The port of Constanța is the main seaport on the Black Sea, playing an important role as the transit node for the landlocked countries in central and south-east Europe. The connection of the port with the Danube is made through the Danube-Black Sea canal, which represents one of the main key points of Constan a port. With regard to river traffic, in 2017 the incoming traffic from the hinterland represented 43%, and outgoing traffic towards the hinterland 57%.
Source: Port of Constanța / Romanian Statistical Office
Container traffic on the Danube is still relatively low and amounted to 4,849 TEU in Constanța in 2017. This traffic was entirely of an international character (country of loading or unloading were outside Romania).
Source: Destatis, RheinCargo, Port de Strasbourg, Schweizerische Rheinhäfen, Port de Mulhouse
*RheinCargo is a multimodal port and logistics company that operates seven ports in Cologne, Neuss and Düsseldorf
Of the 52.2 million tonnes in Duisburg, 15.7 million tonnes were handled by the public port in Duisburg (Duisport Group), while the remaining traffic was handled by private ports of the steel industry. Goods traffic was reduced in 2017 due to less coal transport. Railway traffic in the Duisport Group amounted to 18.8 mio. tonnes (increase of 7%), due to more trains coming via the New Silk Road from China.
Despite losses in coal transport, RheinCargo realised additional waterside traffic (+2.2%) in other mass cargo segments such as agricultural products, iron ores and metals. RheinCargo’s strategy is to continue focusing also on mass cargo traffic, and the positive result confirms this strategy3.
3 See: Press release of RheinCargo from March 29th 2018
Source: Association des ports intérieurs français (AFPI), Port de Liège, Port de Namur
* Aproport = Ports de Chalon-sur- Saône et de Mâcon
77% of waterside in 2017 was sands, stones and building materials. This segment’s traffic progressed by 9.2% compared to 2016, due to additional volumes of building materials for the construction sites of new metro lines. The ports of Paris offer quaysides for these construction works, for the delivery of the construction material, and also for the transport of the excavation material.
40% of waterside traffic was sands, stones and building materials, but this segment decreased slightly in Liège (-2%). Growing segments were wood products (+21%) and containers (+21%).
Source: Danube Commission Market observation report, Romanian Statistical Institute, Hungarian Statistical Office, Destatis
The Slovakian capital of Bratislava hosts also the largest inland port of the country. Almost 99% of its cargo traffic is for export (loaded cargo). More than 2/3 of the cargo traffic is iron ore, which is delivered to the steel industry in Austria. 1/5 of the cargo traffic is chemicals and mineral oil products, transported to Austria, Hungary and Germany4.
4 Source: Danube Commission Market observation report.
The largest Bavarian inland port experienced a very difficult first quarter 2017, as did many other Danube ports. There were ice and low water periods on the Danube, low water periods, and with a quarterly year-on-year reduction of traffic by 38%. After the ice and the low water period vanished, transport figures doubled in the second quarter 2017 compared to the previous year. They reached a high peak in July, due to the good harvest season 2017 in Germany, so that the third quarter 2017 had a plus of 19% compared to one year previously.