Market Insight
SPRING 2018

Annual report
Year 2018

Market Insight
FALL 2018

Market Insight
WINTER 2018-2019

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1. Freight traffic on inland waterways and in ports

• In the first quarter of 2018, transport performance on European inland waterways reached 34.9 billion TKM.

• This transport performance represented an increase of 4 % compared to the first quarter of 2017.

 

Transport performance in Europe

TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN IWT ON THE NATIONAL TERRITORY OF EACH COUNTRY IN EUROPE – COMPARISON BETWEEN Q1 2017 AND Q1 2018 (TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN MILLION TKM)

Source: Eurostat [iww_go_qnave], National Statistical Offices, CCNR

 

 Map 1 Transport performance in IWT on the national territory of each country in Europe

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE EVOLUTION ON THE RHINE AND DANUBE (TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN MILLION TKM)*

Source: Destatis, Eurostat [iww_go_qnave]
*For Q2 2018, the value contains an estimation for the Belgian part of the North-South Axis. Data for the Danube were not yet available for Q2 2018.

 

 Figure 1 Inland waterway transport performance evolution on the Rhine and Danube

 

  • Within the series “Rhine, affluents and North-South Axis”, the traditional Rhine has a share of 38.1%, the Netherlands 45.5%, Belgium 11.1% and the Rhine affluents (Moselle, Main, Neckar) together 5.3% (Calculation for Q1 2018).
  • On the traditional Rhine, the growth rate of transport performance between Q1 2017 and Q1 2018 was +9%, while the results in Q2 2017 and Q2 2018 were at the same level.
  • On the Moselle, transport performance in Q1 2018 was 8% higher than in Q1 2017, and in Q2 2018, the corresponding rate was +1%.
  • On the Main and Neckar, the difference was +55% (Main) and +5% (Neckar) between Q1 2017 and Q1 2018. However, the trend on the Main and Neckar since Q3 2017 was rather negative, whereas it was very positive on the Moselle.
  • On the Danube, currently 53% of transport demand is made up of grain and iron ores, and the bad harvest result in the Danube region in 2017 weakened transport demand at the beginning of 2018.

Transport volume in main European IWT countries

 

INLAND SHIPPING TRANSPORT VOLUME IN MAIN EUROPEAN IWT COUNTRIES (QUARTERLY DATA – MILLION TONNES)

Source: Eurostat [iww_go_qnave] and National Statistical Offices



 Figure 2 Inland shipping transport volume in main European IWT countries

 

  • The following figures represent a detailed comparative analysis made of major cargo segments in Germany and Belgium.

Source: Analysis CCNR based on StatBel and Destatis data
Unit: Mio. tonnes

 

SANDS, STONES, BUILDING MATERIALS

 Figure 3 Comparison Belgium and Germany_Sands, Stones, Building materials

 

AGRIBULK

 Figure 4 Comparison Belgium and Germany_Agribulk

 

IRON ORES

 Figure 5 Comparison Belgium and Germany_Iron Ores

 

MINERAL OIL PRODUCTS

 Figure 6 Comparison Belgium and Germany_Mineral oil products

 

 

  • Sands, stones, building materials. In Belgium this segment plays a major role for many inland ports (e.g. Liège, Brussels, Namur) and currently benefits from a growing construction activity in western Europe.
  • Agribulk. A detailed modal split analysis (See: CCNR (2018), Annual Report Market Observation, September 2018, p. 55) shows that IWT in Germany lost some market shares in this segment. Bad harvest results in 2016 also had a share of responsibility.
  • Iron ores. The German steel industry holds its production on a high level, while the Belgian steel industry’s capacities have reduced since 2011. The curves reflect this trend.
  • Mineral oil products. This segment is very important on the Rhine, which explains the higher level in Germany. The outlook is orientated towards a stagnative trend in both countries.
  • The comparison shows a stagnative trend in 3 out of 4 cargo segments for Germany, and 1 negative (recent) evolution. For Belgium there is a positive trend in 2 out of 4 cargo segments. Taken all together, this can largely explain the more positive overall evolution of transport demand in Belgium compared to Germany.

 

Transport volume for container transport per country

 

INLAND SHIPPING TRANSPORT VOLUMES IN THE CONTAINER SEGMENT IN MAIN EUROPEAN IWT COUNTRIES (QUARTERLY DATA – THOUSAND TONNES)

Source: Eurostat [iww_go_qnave] and National Statistical Offices


 Figure 7 Inland shipping transport volumes in the container segment

 

Dry bulk, liquid bulk and container transport

 

RATE OF CHANGE IN INLAND SHIPPING TRANSPORT IN FOUR MAJOR IWT COUNTRIES (Q1 2018 VS Q1 2017 – %)*

Source: CBS, Destatis, StatBel, Romanian Institute of Statistics
*In Romania, container transport is at a very low level.


 Figure 8 Rate of change in inland shipping transport performance in four major IWT countries

 

  • The better results for liquid cargo can be explained by a growing transport demand for chemicals since the end of 2016. With regard to the dry cargo segment in Germany, in comparison with Belgium, it appears that there are several dry cargo goods segments in Germany with a stagnative trend, and the coal transport also shows a downward orientated trend.
  • In Romania, the extraordinary growth in the liquid cargo sector is due to particular effects. First of all, liquid cargo represents only the very small share of 7% of the total transport volume in Romania. Secondly, the increase in Q1 2018 compared to the previous year is only 168,000 tonnes, from 200,000 tonnes in Q1 2017 to 368,000 tonnes in Q1 2018. This was a small growth in absolute figures but a strong one in terms of percentage.
  • In Romania, the dry cargo growth rate is a result of iron ore and coal transport which was, in Q1 2018, 45% higher than in Q1 2017; this was a consequence of the recovery of water levels in the first quarter of 2018 compared to the previous year. But the agricultural products segment showed a decrease in Q1 2018 (-28%), due to a weak grain harvest in the Danube region in 2017. This dampened the overall growth rate for dry cargo.

Waterside transport in European ports

 

WATERSIDE TRANSSHIPMENT VOLUME IN Q1 2017, WATERSIDE TRANSSHIPMENT VOLUME IN Q1 2018 AND RATE OF CHANGE BETWEEN BOTH

Source: Destatis (German ports), Danube Commission (Austrian, Slovakian and Serbian ports), Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Hungarian ports), Romanian Institute of Statistics (Romanian ports), and ports data (for all other ports)

 

 Map 2 Waterside transport in European ports

Market Insight
FALL 2018

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Market Insight
WINTER 2018-2019

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