• Inland waterway transport on German waterways accounted for 36 % of all IWW transport performance in the EU in Q1 2019, compared to 35 % in the year 2018. For container traffic taken separately, this share is 39 %.
• The number of German IWT companies represents 11 % of all IWT companies in the EU, while their share in turnover is much higher: 34 % of all turnover generated in IWW goods transport companies in the EU is produced in German companies.
• This also shows that German companies are on average larger than in many other IWW countries with a high degree of market fragmentation.
THE 40 LARGEST GERMAN INLAND PORTS – WATERSIDE TRAFFIC IN Q1 2019
(These 40 inland ports accounted for 74.6 % of all waterside goods traffic in German inland ports in Q1 2019. Detailed information on the 40 largest German inland ports is available on the next page).
Waterside traffic in million tonnes in Q1 2019
|Inland port||Import from abroad||Import from national origins||Export to national destinations||Export abroad||Total waterside traffic|
|Ludwigshafen am Rhein||0.68||0.44||0.15||0.40||1.7|
|Frankfurt am Main||0.61||0.27||0.24||0.23||1.3|
|Kiesbaggereien Kreis Wesel||0.00||0.41||0.03||0.48||0.9|
FACT SHEET IWT IN GERMANY
Source: CCNR analysis based on Eurostat data [sbs_na_1a_se_r2]. [iww_go_atygo]. [iww_go_actygo]. [tran_hv_frmod]. [iww_eq_loadcap]. [road_go_ta_tcrg]. [rail_go_contwgt]. [iww_eq_age]. CCNR fleet database
Notes on the factsheet:
1) “Share in EU total” contains figures for the EU plus Switzerland and Serbia.
2) For container transport, the numbers include the weight of container boxes, according to the Eurostat Reference Manual on Inland Waterways Transport Statistics (See: https://circabc.europa.eu/sd/a/b1c81773-ce2b-47cd-ad43-a0fbfe395402/Reference_Manual_April_2018_.pdf).
# In contrast to transport performance, for transport volume a country-specific share cannot be calculated. Example: when iron ores are transported from Rotterdam to Duisburg, the tonnes transported are counted in the statistics of both countries, while the tonne-kilometres (tkm) are split up between both countries according to the distance (km) travelled in each country. This allows the country-specific share for transport performance (tkm) to be calculated. For transport volumes (tonnes) the share cannot be calculated, as the sum of the shares of all countries would exceed 100 %.
The data on all transport indicators are for 2018, while the data on modal split, employment, turnover, companies and number of vessels are for 2017. The modal split share of IWT is calculated as the IWT share within the total transport performance of IWT, rail and road traffic.
IWT SECTOR IN GERMANY WITHIN EUROPE
- Inland vessels carried 197.9 million tonnes of goods in 2018 and 222.7 million tonnes in 2017 on German inland waterways. In 2018, the transport performance (product of tonnes and distance) represented 35 % of total IWT transport performance in the EU.
- Within container transport, IWT transport performance in Germany has a share of 39 % of total container transport performance in the EU.
- In addition to container transport, the liquid cargo transport in Germany also has an over-proportional transport performance in the EU. Mineral oil products and chemical transports in Germany each have a share of 38 % of total European transport performance in these two segments.
- Around 10.3 thousand persons are employed in German IWT companies and the companies generate a turnover of more than 2.2 billion euros per year.
- With 10.3 thousand persons employed Germany’s share in EU employment in the IWT sector is 24 % which means that almost one out of four persons active in European IWT companies works in German IWT companies.
- German IWT companies are larger than the EU average according to two size indicators:
1) Their share in the total number of EU IWT companies is 11 % but the share of persons active in these German companies is 24 % of all EU employment in IWT.
2) The share of German companies in the number of IWT companies in the EU is 11 % but they generate 30 % of turnover of European IWT.
- The fleet of German inland vessels represents 16 % of all European inland vessels. For liquid cargo vessels taken separately this share is 25 % – one out of four tanker vessels registered in Europe is registered in Germany.
PORT OF DUISBURG AND PORT OF HAMBURG
- Duisburg is the largest inland port in Germany as well as in Europe with 48.1 million tonnes of river traffic in 2018. Its river traffic takes place in the public port of Duisburg (duisport GmbH) and in private ports of the local steel industry. The following figure takes into account all waterside traffic in the city of Duisburg. Raw materials (iron ore, coal) for steel production and iron and steel represent a share of 70 %. In 2018 waterside traffic was 48.1 million tonnes and 12.4 million tonnes in Q1 2019, just as in Q1 2018.
FIGURE 1: INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE PORT OF DUISBURG (JANUARY UNTIL MAY) IN MILLION TONNES
Source: CCNR analysis based on Destatis
- The port of Hamburg is not only the largest German seaport but also the second largest German inland port. Its waterside traffic in 2018 amounted to 10 million tonnes (source: Destatis) and 2.5 million tonnes in Q1 2019 (2.3 million tonnes in Q1 2018). Liquid cargo is currently the most important type of goods in Hamburg, while container traffic so far plays a relatively small role in the Elbe hinterland compared to the Rhine.
FIGURE 2:INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE PORTS OF HAMBURG (JANUARY UNTIL MAY) IN MILLION TONNES
Source: CCNR analysis based on Destatis