• The “focus-on” chapter presents key figures for Hungary, a middle Danube country, where iron ores, agricultural products, and metal products are the three largest goods segments.
• Waterside ports traffic in Hungarian ports reached 6.06 million tonnes in 2019, an increase of 16.6% compared to 2018.
• Data on cross-border traffic for Hungary show that exports to Germany and imports from Romania are the two most important export/import flows in Hungarian IWT. The exports to Germany mainly consist of oil seeds, forage plants, and related materials.

 

HUNGARIAN INLAND PORTS’ WATERSIDE TRAFFIC

*In Budapest there are two ports, one is public, one is private.

TABLE 1: WATERSIDE PORTS TRAFFIC IN DANUBE COUNTRIES (Q1+Q2+Q3) 2019 COMPARED TO (Q1+Q2+Q3) 2018

CountryWaterside transport in (Q1+Q2+Q3) 2019 in 1000 tRate of increase compared to (Q1+Q2+Q3) 2018
Romanian ports21,724+17.8%
Serbian ports7,221+28.8%
Austrian ports5,497+30.6%
Hungarian ports4,785+10.7%
Ukrainian ports4,332-9.0%
German ports2,791+9.5%
Slovakian ports1,295+6.2%
Moldavian ports948-

Source: Danube Commission (market observation report for the first nine months of 2019)
German ports are the Danube ports in Germany. For Moldavian ports, no data for the rate of change exist.

TABLE 2: WATERSIDE PORTS TRAFFIC IN HUNGARY 2017-2019 (IN TONNES)

PeriodBaja National Public PortCsepel National Public PortGyőr-Gönyű National Public PortPorts of DunaújvárosPorts of KomáromPorts of MohácsOther Hungarian inland portsTotal
2017644,3041,122411167,431841,980237,704225,0882,559,9265,798,845
2018346,749918,209105,6471,044,702315,972189,0792,279,2285,199,586
2019505,1381,129,625225,4201,390,978262,244266,8192,284,0876,064,312

Source: Hungarian Statistical Office

FIGURE 1: IWT ON THE HUNGARIAN DANUBE BY GOODS SEGMENT (IN 1000 T)


Source: Hungarian Statistical Office, https://www.ksh.hu/stadat_infra_4_6

  • According to the Danube Commission, the Hungarian steel plant of Dunaújváros, near Budapest, uses barge traffic for parts of its iron ore provisions. The main Hungarian refinery is located near Budapest and belongs to the MOL Group. This group operates three of its own ports from which depots and customers in the Danube region are supplied by barge, rail and truck, while the crude oil for the refinery comes by pipeline from Russia (See: https://molgroup.info/en/our-business/downstream/logistics).
  • The following table shows the most important IWW transport relations between Hungary and foreign countries. Around half of all goods loaded in Hungary and sent to Germany arrive on the German Danube stretch, and the other half goes further to the west, to Main, Main-Danube Canal and Rhine.

 

TABLE 3: MAIN IWW IMPORT AND EXPORT DESTINATIONS BETWEEN HUNGARY AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES (Q1+Q2+Q3 2019)

Transport relationMillion tonnes
Loaded in Hungary → unloaded in Germany0.724
Loaded in Romania → unloaded in Hungary0.647
Loaded in Austria → unloaded in Hungary0.594
Loaded in Hungary → unloaded in Romania0.560
Loaded in Hungary → unloaded in Austria0.540
Loaded in Serbia → unloaded in Hungary0.387
Loaded in Hungary → unloaded in Serbia0.278

Source: Hungarian Statistical Office, series 4.6.13
The volumes in the table represent 87% of all international freight traffic in Hungarian IWT.

  • In considering the river Main as one major entrance channel between the Danube and the Rhine region, the following can be observed: in the first nine months of 2019, 0.47 million tonnes of goods were transported on the Main, with Hungary as country of loading; of this volume, 85% was unloaded in Germany, 11% in the Netherlands, 3% in Belgium, 1% in France; and within the volume unloaded in Germany, 94%, or 0.37 million tonnes, was made up of oil seeds, forage plants, and related materials (Source: CCNR calculation based on detailed data provided by Destatis).

 

FACT SHEET IWT IN HUNGARY – ANNUAL FIGURES

 

 


Notes on the factsheet: 1) “Share in EU total” contains figures for the EU plus Switzerland and Serbia. 2) For container transport, Eurostat publishes no data for Hungary. # In contrast to transport performance, for transport volume, a country-specific share cannot be calculated.
The modal split indicator is defined as the percentage of inland waterway transport in total freight transport performance measured in tonne-kilometres. Inland freight transport modes include road, rail and inland waterways. Road transport takes into account the TKM made by trucks registered in foreign countries on Hungarian territory, according to the new Eurostat methodology in the series [tran_hv_frmod].

 

PASSENGER TRANSPORT: RIVER CRUISE TRAFFIC ON THE HUNGARIAN DANUBE

FIGURES 2 AND 3: TRAFFIC NUMBERS OF RIVER CRUISE VESSELS ON THE DANUBE (NUMBER OF VESSELS) PER MONTH IN 2018 AND 2019

     
Source: Danube Commission (market observation report for the first nine months of 2019)
Values from 1 to 12 on the x-axis are over 12 months.

  • The traffic of river cruise vessels on the Hungarian Danube increased in the first nine months of 2019: in (Q1+Q2+Q3) 2019, 4012 cabin vessels passed the lock of Gabčíkovo on the northern border of Hungary (border with Slovakia). This meant an increase of 835 of vessel transits (+26%) compared to the same period in 2018.
  • At the border point of Mohacs in southern Hungary (border between Croatia and Serbia), the number of vessel transits was also higher in Q1-Q3 2019 (891 vessels) than in (Q1+Q2+Q3) 2018 (682 vessels), representing an increase by 209 transits or 31%.
  • The different traffic intensity between northern and southern Hungary is due to the high number of Danube cruises that leave from Passau or go from Vienna to Budapest (and back), and therefore pass the lock of Gabčíkovo in the north, but not the border point of Mohacs in the south.
  • There is a tendency for new river cruise vessels with the following dimensions to enter the Danube market: length of 135 m, width of 11.4 m and a maximum draught of 1.8 m. These vessels are well equipped from a nautical point of view to sail on the Danube.
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