• Inland waterway traffic declined in the seaports of Hamburg and Antwerp in 2018 but rose at the port of Constanta.

• Most Rhine ports suffered from the low water period in 2018, which resulted in a decrease of 10.3% on average for the waterside traffic of major Rhine ports. But for some Rhine ports, such as the port of Kehl and Ludwigshafen, more waterside traffic was registered in 2018 than in 2017.

• As rivers and canals in France and Belgium were far less impacted by low water levels than the Rhine, the average results for the major French and Belgian inland ports was less negative than for Rhine ports.

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN MAIN EUROPEAN SEAPORTS

Source: Port Statistics, Eurostat [iww_go-aport], Panteia, CBS
*North Sea Port is the name of the port formed by the cross-border merger between Zeeland Seaports (Flushing, Borsele and Terneuzen) in the Netherlands and Ghent Port Company in Belgium, signed on 8 December 2017. The cross-border merger port started to operate on 1st January 2018.

 

Source: Romanian national Institute of Statistics

 

  • In Rotterdam, the largest European seaport, 123,859 inland vessels were loaded or unloaded in 2018. Rotterdam is a market leader in the Hamburg-Le Havre range by total throughput, as it holds 36.7% of market shares, followed by Antwerp (18.6%), and Hamburg (10.6%) (Port of Rotterdam annual report 2018).
  • The volume of loaded or unloaded cargo at the port of Rotterdam was 152.8 million tonnes in 2018 (-4% compared to 2017). This decrease could be a consequence of the low water period in the second half of 2018, which has affected the IWW transport of goods from the port of Rotterdam to the hinterland.

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE SEAPORT OF ROTTERDAM (MILLION TONNES)

Source: Port of Rotterdam

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE SEAPORT OF ROTTERDAM PER GOOD SEGMENTS (MILLION TONNES)

Source: Port of Rotterdam

 

  • In Antwerp, 59,724 inland vessels frequented the port in 2018 (compared to 59,268 vessels in 2017). The IWT goods traffic at the port of Antwerp fell slightly by 3% in 2018, from 102.3 in 2017 to 99.3 million tonnes in 2018.
  • Chemicals and petroleum products are the most important market segments for the port of Antwerp, each making up more than 27% of total river traffic at the port. Containers come close behind with a share of 24.5% of total river traffic.
  • The slight decrease in total IWT traffic at the port of Antwerp in 2018 can be explained by a decline of ores and metal waste from 22.1 million tonnes in 2017 to 17.9 million tonnes in 2018 (-19%), as well as for petroleum products from 29.9 million tonnes to 27.4 million tonnes (-8.6%). Volumes of animal fodder and food products increased by 10% and chemicals by 3.4%.

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE SEAPORT OF ANTWERP (MILLION TONNES)

Source: port of Antwerp
* Ro/ro, general and not assigned goods are not taken into account in these calculations (in 2018, the volume transported for these three cargo types amounted to 6.7 million tonnes, mostly attributed to conventional goods).

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE SEAPORT OF ANTWERP PER GOOD SEGMENTS (MILLION TONNES)*

Source: port of Antwerp
* Ro/ro, general and not assigned goods are not taken into account in these calculations (in 2018, the volume transported for these three cargo types amounted to 6.7 million tonnes, mostly attributed to conventional goods).

 

  • Volumes transported by IWT decreased by 7.5% between 2017 and 2018 in the Port of Hamburg. The modal split at the Port of Hamburg is dominated by rail transport, with a share of 47.1%, closely followed by road (45.7%). IWT comes last with a share of 10.2%. Incoming river traffic has a share of 44% in Hamburg, and 56% is outgoing traffic.

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE SEAPORT OF HAMBURG (MILLION TONNES)

Source: Statistical Office of Hamburg
* General cargo is not taken into account in these calculations

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE SEAPORT OF HAMBURG PER GOOD SEGMENTS (MILLION TONNES)*

Source: Statistical Office of Hamburg
* General cargo is not taken into account in these calculations

 

  • In Constanța, 9,487 inland vessels called at the port in 2018, of which 5,966 were barges (63%) and 1,328 were push boats (14%). River traffic was stable in 2018 compared to 2017, with 12.7 million tonnes. The port of Constanța is the main seaport on the Black Sea, playing a very important role for the transport of cereals (share of 38%), especially as a transit node for this good segment. Fertilizers, non-ferrous and iron ores (share of 29%) are also important goods segments for the port.
  • Container traffic in the port of Constanta has always been relatively low. In 2018, it amounted to 1,266 TEUs, a decrease compared to 2017 when 4,849 TEU were transported.

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE SEAPORT OF CONSTANTA (MILLION TONNES)

Source: Port of Constanța/Romanian Statistical Office

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN MAIN EUROPEAN INLAND PORTS

 

RHINE PORTS

 

WATERSIDE TRAFFIC IN MAJOR RHINE PORTS (MILLION TONNES)

Source: Destatis, Port de Strasbourg, Swiss Rhine ports, Port de Mulhouse
*The result in Ludwigshafen is due to special effects. An accident occurred in 2017 which greatly reduced cargo traffic that year (traffic had been shifted to Mannheim temporarily).

 

Port of Strasbourg

  • The activities of the Port of Strasbourg (PAS) were impacted by the long period of low water (mid-July to late December 2018): vessels had to limit their loads and container ships had to stop sailing for two months. As a consequence, large amounts of cargo were shifted towards rail transport. Containerized railway traffic increased by 19%. But despite the difficult year, the port looks to the future and has plans for an extension of its container terminals (Source: Dernières Nouvelles d’Alsace, article “Le port de Strasbourg pénalisé par les basses eaux du Rhin”, (16th January 2019)).

 

Port of Kehl

  • The neighbouring port of Strasbourg, just on the other side of the Rhine, is the port of Kehl, where a large electric steel mill is located in the port area, among other important companies. The steel mill uses scrap metals for steel production, and the transport of iron and steel has by far the largest share in total waterway traffic in Kehl (69% in 2018). An amount of 2.75 million tonnes of iron and steel related goods were registered by the port in 2018, which represented an increase by 4.3% compared to 2017 (Source: Kehler Hafenbericht 2018).

 

TOTAL YEARLY WATERSIDE TRAFFIC (MILLION TONNES)

 

FRENCH AND BELGIAN INLAND PORTS

 

WATERSIDE TRAFFIC IN MAJOR FRENCH AND BELGIAN INLAND PORTS (MILLION TONNES)

Sources: Ports de Paris, Port de Liège, Port de Strasbourg, Port de Mulhouse, Port de Bruxelles, Port de Namur, Nouveau port de Metz, Port de Lille, VNF

 

Port of Liège

  • In the third largest European inland port, waterway cargo traffic benefited from an increase of container traffic (measured in tonnes, by 20%). Containers and diverse goods reached a volume of almost 0.9 million tonnes. In terms of TEU, the result represented more than 85,000 TEU (+15%). Another positive development was the growing metals traffic, due to the recovery of the local steel production (Source : Port autonome de Liège, Press communication, 20th February 2019).

 

Port of Metz

  • The port of Metz in Lorraine on the river Moselle is the largest inland port in France for grain. According to detailed ports statistics, 1.7 million tonnes of grain and other agricultural products were exported by inland waterway traffic in 2018; this was significantly more than in 2017, when very bad harvest results had lowered the grain export to a level of 1.4 million tonnes.

 

TOTAL YEARLY WATERSIDE TRAFFIC (MILLION TONNES)

 

DANUBE PORTS

 

WATERSIDE TRAFFIC IN LARGE DANUBE PORTS (MILLION TONNES)

Source: Danube Commission Market observation report, Romanian Statistical Institute, Hungarian Statistical Office, Destatis

 

Port of Linz

  • Taken together, around 2.1 million tonnes of iron ores were imported trough all Austrian inland ports in 2018, which represented 52% of all unloaded cargo in Austrian ports. 89.2% of these iron ore imports were unloaded in the port of Linz, which is the centre of the Austrian steel industry (Source: market observation report of the Danube Commission, April 2019).

 

Port of Bratislava

  • According to the market observation report 2019 of the Danube Commission, the development plan for the port of Bratislava foresees the modernisation of its structure as an intermodal port and the establishment of a terminal for the production and distribution of liquefied natural gas (LNG).

 

TOTAL YEARLY WATERSIDE TRAFFIC (MILLION TONNES)