• Yearly goods transport performance on inland waterways in Romania represents 8.5% of the total European inland waterway transport performance (12,517 Million TKM in 2017).
• Behind iron ores, sand and gravel, the agricultural products are the second largest IWT goods segment in Romania, representing 23.1% of the total transport performance of agricultural products in the EU.
• Constanta and Galati are the 1st and 3rd largest seaports in Romania, also registering respectively an inland waterway traffic of 3.91 and 1.65 million tonnes in Q3 2018
.

 

PORTS IN ROMANIA

INLAND WATERWAY CARGO TRAFFIC IN Q1-Q3 2018 (IN MILLION TONNES)

Source: National Institute of Statistics (Romania)

 

 

PORT OF CONSTANTA AND PORT OF GALATI

 

  • With 29 million tonnes of maritime traffic in Q1-Q3 2018, the port of Constanța is the largest seaport in Romania as well as in the whole Danube region. It is very important for the export of grain and for the import of iron ores and coal.
  • The seaport of Constanța is also an important point of loading and unloading of river transport, and the river traffic is fluctuating at around a quarterly amount of 3 million tonnes.
  • The port of Galati is a river-sea port and is also the third-largest seaport of Romania. Its seagoing traffic amounted to 0.9 million tonnes in Q1-Q3 2018. On the export side, metals from the local steel industry play the largest role. As in Constanța, grain exports from the Danube hinterland are also very important.
  • Inland waterway traffic in the river-sea port of Galati has followed an upward trend in the last years, and the dry weather has not interrupted this trend.

 

 

INLAND WATERWAY TRAFFIC IN THE PORTS OF GALATI AND CONSTANTA (IN MILLION TONNES)

Source: National Institute of Statistics (Romania), CCNR analysis

 

GALATI


CH 3 Figure 3 1 1 Inland waterway traffic in the ports of Galati

 

CONSTANTA

CH 3 Figure 3 1 2 Inland waterway traffic in the ports of Constanza

 

 

 

Source: Analysis CCNR based on Eurostat data [sbs_na_1a_se_r2], [iww_go_atygo], [iww_go_actygo], [tran_hv_frmod], [iww_eq_loadcap], [road_go_ta_tcrg], [rail_go_contwgt], [iww_eq_age], CCNR fleet database
Notes: “Share in EU total” contains figures for the EU plus Switzerland and Serbia.
# In contrast to transport performance, for transport volume a country-specific share cannot be calculated due to double-counting problems (cross-border transport).

 

IWT GOODS TRANSPORT IN ROMANIA BY SEGMENT

 

  • The quarterly series show heavy seasonal fluctuations for IWT in Romania, due to the harvest cycle and the winter season. In the third quarter of a year (harvest time), the share of agricultural products rises to 38-40 % of total IWT. The third quarter 2018 showed a resilient transport demand, as the lower Danube region has a riversea-character, with large water depths, so that the dry weather in 2018 could not damage transport evolution.

 

 

QUARTERLY TRANSPORT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS ON INLAND WATERWAYS IN ROMANIA COMPARED WITH TOTAL QUARTERLY
IWT 
(IN MILLION TONNES)

Source: National Institute of Statistics (Romania)

 

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

 

CH 3 Figure 3 2 1 Quarterly transport of agricultural products on inland waterways in Romania

 

 

TOTAL IWT


 

CH 3 Figure 3 2 2 Total quarterly IWT in Romania

 

  • Within international transport, Serbia and Bulgaria are the most important trading partners for Romania, followed by Hungary. 76 % of all international traffic comes from these three countries or goes to them.

 

COUNTRIES OF LOADING AND UNLOADING WITHIN INTERNATIONAL IWT FOR ROMANIA (1000 TONNES)*

Source: National Institute of Statistics (Romania)
* Q1-Q3 2018

CH 3 Figure 3 3 Countries of loading and unloading within international IWT for Romania

 

  • The transport relations of Romania are quite intense with the middle Danube region (Serbia, Hungary) and the lower Danube region (Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova), but far less intense with the upper Danube region (Slovakia, Austria, Germany).