Glossary

20XX-1/20XX-KW1: First Quarter
20XX-2/20XX-KW2: Second Quarter
20XX-3/20XX-KW3: Third Quarter
ADN : European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways
ARA region: Amsterdam – Rotterdam – Antwerp
AVERAGE UTILISATION RATE (OF A CARGO FLEET): Relation between the needed tonnage (needed due to transport demand in a certain year) and the available tonnage in that same year, in percentage terms.
BN: Billion
CEMT: Classification of European Inland Waterways
CONTAINER EXCHANGE ROUTE (CER): In the Netherlands, this route links Maasvlakte’s container companies and allows the companies to minimise the cost of container exchanges. This improves their respective hinterland and transhipment process and strengthens Rotterdam’s competitive position as a container hub.
CPTPP: Comprehensive and Progressive agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership
DANUBE COUNTRIES: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia
DRAUGHT OF A VESSEL: Distance between the vessel’s keel and the waterline of the vessel
ECB: European Central Bank
EQUIVALENT WATER LEVEL: Refers to a low water level (lower threshold) which is specific for each gauge station. On a multiannual average, the water levels do not fall below this threshold on more than 20 ice free days per year. This means that this water level is reached or exceeded at a gauging station on an average of 94% of days in a year (= on 343 days) over a reference period of several decades.
ESTUARY TRANSPORT: In Belgium, transport performed by estuary vessels, specific inland vessels that can also be used for non-international sea voyages. These inland vessels are allowed by a Royal Decree to operate in coastal areas between the Belgian coastal ports and the Belgian inland waterway network via the Schelde estuary provided they comply with certain requirements.
EU: European Union
EU Directive 2016/1629: A European directive laying down technical requirements for inland vessels
EUROPE: European inland navigation in this report includes two countries not belonging to European Union, Switzerland and Serbia.
FAIRWAY DUES: Applied by a few countries, these fees were implemented for calling ships and depend on the size of the ship and the weight of the cargo carried.
FARAG region: Flushing, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Antwerp, Ghent
FREIGHT RATE: Price at which a cargo is delivered from one point to another.
GDP: Gross Domestic Product (basic measure of the overall size of a country’s economy)
GOS: Gross Operating Surplus, abbreviated as GOS, is gross output of an industry less the cost of intermediate goods and services (to give gross value added), and less compensation of employees and taxes and subsidies on production and imports.
INLAND FREIGHT TRANSPORT MODES: These include road, rail and inland waterways
INLAND WATERWAY BOUNDARY: In the UK, a boundary defined as the most seaward point of any estuary which might reasonably be bridged or tunnelled and this is taken to be where the width of water surface area is both less than 3 km at low water and less than 5 km at high water on spring tides.
INLAND WATERWAY TRANSIT TRANSPORT: Inland waterway transport through a country between two places (a place of loading/embarkation and a place of unloading/disembarkation) both located in another country or in other countries provided that the total journey within the country is by inland waterways and that there is no loading/embarkation and unloading/ disembarkation operation in the transit country. IWT vessels loaded/unloaded at the frontier of that country onto/from another mode of transport are included.
IWT: Inland Waterways Transport
IWW: Inland Waterways
LAKE-SEA SHIPPING: In Sweden and Finland river-sea transport is referred to as lake-sea shipping as this type of transport mainly takes place between lakes (Saimaa, Vänern, Mälaren), representing the inland component, and the Sea (Baltic and North Sea).
LOADING DEGREE: Percentage of maximum vessel loading capacity
LOWER RHINE: Section of the Rhine which flows from Bonn, Germany, to the North Sea at Hoek van Holland, the Netherlands. Within the figures for the traditional Rhine, the term “Lower Rhine” refers to the stretch of the Lower Rhine in Germany
MARITIME DANUBE: Downstream of the port of Braila, the Danube is often called the maritime Danube, due to its river-sea character.
MIO: Million
MODAL SPLIT SHARE: Share of inland waterway transport performance in total transport performance (IWT, road, rail)
NORTH SEA PORT: The name of the port formed by the cross-border merger between Zeeland Seaports (Flushing, Borsele and Terneuzen) in the Netherlands and Ghent Port Company in Belgium.
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
PP: Percentage point (unit for the difference of two percentages. For example, moving up from 40% to 44% is a 4 percentage point increase, but is a 10 percent increase in what is being measured)
RHINE COUNTRIES: Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Switzerland
’RIVER’ DANUBE: Upstream of the port of Braila, Danube traffic is classical river traffic
RIVER-SEA SHIP: A seagoing ship adapted to navigate both at sea and on certain stretches of inland waterways.
RIVER-SEA TRANSPORT: According to the Eurostat Reference Manual of Inland Waterways Transport Statistics a transport operation partly by inland waterways (IWW) and partly by sea, without transhipment. It can be operated by inland vessels or seagoing ships. Any inland vessel undertaking such transport will need to have the appropriate authorisation permitting it to operate at sea.
RUHR AREA: A dense urban area in western Germany and the largest industrial area in western Europe.
SAIMAA CANAL: A Finnish navigable canal connecting the Saimaa lake system near the city of Lappeenranta to the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic sea near the city of Vyborg.
SMALL VESSELS: Vessels with a loading capacity of up to 1,500 tonnes. According to an alternative definition, small vessels have a loading capacity of 650 tonnes or less.
SHORT-SEA TRAFFIC: Trips made by seagoing ships between European seaports.
STEEL DEMAND PER CAPITA: Steel production plus imports minus exports, per capita
SULINA CANAL: Romanian waterway with river-sea traffic linking the Black Sea with the river-sea port of Tulcea.
SÖDERTÄLJE CANAL: Swedish waterway connecting the lake Mälaren at the city of Södertälje to the Baltic Sea
TEU: Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (unit for container volume)
THE EUROPEAN CRUISE FLEET: Cruise vessels with more than 39 beds which operate in the EU and in Switzerland.
THE INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANISATION (IMO): The United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine and atmospheric pollution by ships.
THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON LOAD LINES (LL): An international convention whose provisions were made for determining the freeboard of ships.
THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE PREVENTION OF MARINE POLLUTION FROM SHIPS (MARPOL): The main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.
THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA (SOLAS): An international maritime treaty which sets minimum safety standards in the construction, equipment and operation of merchant ships.
THE MODAL SPLIT INDICATOR: The percentage of inland waterway transport in total inland freight transport performance (road, rail, IWT) measured in tonne-kilometres.
THE SMOOTH WATERLINE: In the UK, this is a boundary within estuaries, where all transport that remains completely within this Smooth Waterline is counted as pure (internal) inland waterway traffic.
TKM: Tonne-Kilometer (unit for transport performance which represents volume of goods transported multiplied by transport distance)
TRADITIONAL RHINE: Section of the Rhine from Basel to the border between the Netherlands and Germany
TROLLHÄTTE CANAL: A Swedish waterway connecting the lake Vänern to the Kattegat (Baltic) Sea.
TURNOVER: Sales volume net of sales taxes
UPPER RHINE: Section of the Rhine in the Upper Rhine Plain between Basel in Switzerland and Bingen in Germany
WATERSIDE GOODS TRAFFIC: Loading or unloading activity in ports, which includes inland vessels.
WATERSIDE PORTS TRAFFIC: The volume of transhipment, measured in tonnes, of the following transhipment activities: transhipment ‘vessel – vessel’, ‘vessel – road vehicle’, ‘vessel – freight wagon’, ‘vessel – quay’.

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