Glossary

ADN : European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways
ARA region: Amsterdam – Rotterdam – Antwerp
BN: Billion
CPTPP: Comprehensive and Progressive agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership
DANUBE COUNTRIES: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia
ECB: European Central Bank
ESTUARY TRANSPORT: In Belgium, transport performed by estuary vessels, specific inland navigation vessels that can also be used for non-international sea voyages These inland vessels are allowed by a Royal Decree to operate in coastal areas between the Belgian coastal ports and the Belgian inland waterway network via the Schelde estuary provided they comply with certain requirements.
EU: European Union
EU Directive 2016/1629: a European directive laying down technical requirements for inland waterway vessels
EUROPE: European inland navigation in this report includes two countries not belonging to European Union, Switzerland and Serbia
FAIRWAY DUES: applied by a few countries, these fees were implemented for calling ships and depend on the size of the ship and the weight of the cargo carried
FARAG region: Flushing, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Antwerp, Ghent
FREIGHT RATE: Price at which a cargo is delivered from one point to another
GDP: Gross Domestic Product (basic measure of the overall size of a country’s economy)
GOS: Gross Operating Surplus, abbreviated as GOS, is gross output of an industry less the cost of intermediate goods and services (to give gross value added), and less compensation of employees and taxes and subsidies on production and imports
INLAND WATERWAY BOUNDARY: In the UK, a boundary defined as the most seaward point of any estuary which might reasonably be bridged or tunnelled and this is taken to be where the width of water surface area is both less than 3 km at low water and less than 5 km at high water on spring tides
INLAND WATERWAY TRANSIT TRANSPORT: Inland waterway transport through a country between two places (a place of loading/embarkation and a place of unloading/disembarkation) both located in another country or in other countries provided that the total journey within the country is by inland waterways and that there is no loading/embarkation and unloading/ disembarkation operation in the transit country. IWT vessels loaded/unloaded at the frontier of that country onto/from another mode of transport are included
IWT: Inland Waterways Transport
IWW: Inland Waterways
LAKE-SEA SHIPPING: In Sweden and Finland river-sea transport is referred to as lake-sea shipping as this type of transport mainly takes place between lakes (Saimaa, Vänern, Mälaren), representing the inland component, and the Sea (Baltic and North Sea).
LOADING DEGREE: Percentage of maximum vessel loading capacity
MARITIME DANUBE: downstream of the port of Braila, the Danube is often called the maritime Danube, due to its river-sea character
MIO: Million
PP: Percentage point (unit for the difference of two percentages. For example, moving up from 40% to 44% is a 4 percentage point increase, but is a 10 percent increase in what is being measured)
RHINE COUNTRIES: Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Switzerland
’RIVER’ DANUBE: upstream of the port of Braila, Danube traffic is classical river traffic
RIVER-SEA SHIP: a seagoing ship adapted to navigate both at sea and on certain stretches of inland waterways
RIVER-SEA TRANSPORT: according to the Eurostat Reference Manual of Inland Waterways Transport Statistics a transport operation partly by inland waterways (IWW) and partly by sea, without transhipment. It can be operated by inland waterway vessels or seagoing ships. Any inland waterway vessel undertaking such transport will need to have the appropriate authorisation permitting it to operate at sea.
NB: The terminology fluvio-maritime transport is also used to a lesser extent.
SAIMAA CANAL: a Finnish navigable canal connecting the Saimaa lake system near the city of Lappeenranta to the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic sea near the city of Vyborg
SHORT-SEA TRAFFIC: Trips made by seagoing ships between European seaports
SULINA CANAL: Romanian waterway with river-sea traffic linking the Black Sea with the river-sea port of Tulcea
SÖDERTÄLJE CANAL: Swedish waterway connecting the lake Mälaren at the city of Södertälje to the Baltic Sea
TEU: Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (unit for container volume)
THE INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANISATION (IMO): the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine and atmospheric pollution by ships
THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON LOAD LINES (LL): an international convention whose provisions were made for determining the freeboard of ships
THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE PREVENTION OF MARINE POLLUTION FROM SHIPS (MARPOL): the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes
THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA (SOLAS): an international maritime treaty which sets minimum safety standards in the construction, equipment and operation of merchant ships
THE SMOOTH WATERLINE: in the UK, this is a boundary within estuaries, where all transport that remains completely within this Smooth Waterline is counted as pure (internal) inland waterway traffic
TKM: Tonne-Kilometer (unit for transport performance which represents volume of goods transported multiplied by transport distance)
TRADITIONAL RHINE: Rhine from Basel to the border between Netherlands and Germany
TRÖLLHATTE CANAL: a Swedish waterway connecting the lake Vänern to the Kattegat (Baltic) Sea
WATERSIDE GOODS TRAFFIC: Loading or unloading activity in ports, which includes inland vessels